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5 Important Elements of Interior Design You Should Know to Create the Best Living Space

5 Important Elements of Interior Design You Should Know to Create the Best Living Space

interior designIf you have been assuming that interior design and interior decoration are one and the same, you should now understand that it’s not so. While interior design means designing a living space from scratch, interior decoration means to decorate an existing space by adding furniture, upholstery etc. Interior design is a science that has its own rules, principles and elements. Here are a few basic elements of interior design that will make you understand the concept better.

1. Space

One of the most important elements of interior design is space. It acts as a foundation on which the whole plan for interior design is built. Therefore, it’s important for an interior designer to be well aware of the space available, its utilities and dimensions. Space is classified in two types – Two Dimensional Space that covers the floor (includes length and width) and Three Dimensional Space which generates the living space (includes length, width as well as height). A space which is filled with décor items/furniture etc. is a Positive Space while an empty space is a Negative Space. You should maintain equilibrium between the positive and negative space. Either skimping on or overcrowding décor items/furniture can affect this equilibrium.


2. Lines

Lines are another important element because they create forms and shapes and can establish a sense of harmony, unity and contrast in a living space. They act as visual guides of the space. Lines are roughly classified into three types – Vertical, Horizontal and Dynamic. While vertical lines occur on doorways, windows and almirahs, horizontal lines adorn objects like beds, chairs and tables. Horizontal lines add safety and security to the space, whereas vertical lines denote freedom and expanse. Dynamic or angular lines add drama to the space and occur on structures like stairs. The job of an interior designer is to make effective use of these lines to define various forms.


3. Forms

Forms roughly mean shapes or an outline of any three-dimensional object in the space. They can be formed by mixing two or more shapes and can even be accentuated by adding other elements to them such as patterns, colors and textures. Forms set harmony and additional forms create balance. Forms are of two types – Natural (organic) and Geometric (man-made). They are also classified as open and closed. Open forms allow one to look inside them, while closed forms are enclosed by a surface. To achieve a good form, you need to have a solid understanding of the above-mentioned elements.


4. Light

Light is an element of great importance in interior design because other elements such as pattern, texture and color have no meaning without light. Light creates ambience and mood in a living space and marks every other element including line, forms and space. Natural light should be introduced with smart locations of doors and windows. Artificial light is divided into three major kinds – Task Lighting, Mood Lighting and Accent Lighting. As the name indicates, Task Light includes light sources like table lamps and bed lamps dedicated to particular tasks. Mood or ambient lights essentially set the mood of the living space and illuminate the space in general. Accent lights do the job of highlighting a specific object, such as a painting, photograph or sculpture.


5. Color

Colors don’t need any description as we all know what colors can do to a space. They establish a link between various elements and set the mood. Colors should be selected depending on the mindset and psychology of the homeowner. For instance, green is an excellent color for bedroom as it denotes tranquility and health, whereas red is perfect for dining room because it promotes appetite.


Think of these important elements and work with your interior designer to create the best living space for you and your family.

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